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“She was his kryptonite” is an example of what type of literary device?
Question 1 Explanation:
An allusion is a reference to a thing, event, person, or something from another realm. It can be fictional or non-fictional. Kryptonite is an allusion to the superhero Superman, referring to his weakness.
For questions 2–4, examine the Shakespeare sonnet below:
What is the rhyme scheme of the sonnet?
ABAB CDCD EFEF GG
AABB CCDD EEFF GG
ABCA DEFD GHIG JJ
ABBA CDDC EFFE GG
Question 2 Explanation:
The answer is ABAB CDCD EFEF GG. Rhyme schemes are determined by the last word of each line. The final word in Line 1 is A. If the last word in line 2 rhymes with it, it would also be A. But in this sonnet, the last word in Line 3 rhymes with the last word in Line 1, and the last word in Line 2 rhymes with the last word in Line 4. Thus, the rhyme scheme in the first four lines is ABAB. The rest of the sonnet follows the same pattern but with different rhymes, every other line rhyming with a new word until the 13th and 14th lines, which rhyme together.
Which of the following most accurately describes a journey the writer must make:
“Lo! Thus, by day my limbs, by night my mind”
“For thee, and for myself, no quiet find”
“Intend a zealous pilgrimage to thee”
“Looking on darkness which the blind do see”
Question 3 Explanation:
The key word here is pilgrimage, which refers to a long journey. None of the other options refer to traveling a long distance.
What type of rhythm does the sonnet use?
Question 4 Explanation:
The answer is Iambic Pentameter. Most Shakespearian sonnets use iambic pentameter. Each line contains five sets of two beats (or metrical feet). The first word is unstressed, and the second is stressed.
Read the following sentence:
Based on the context clues that you can compile, what does obdurate mean in the sentence above?
Disinterested in a conversation and what is going on around them
Stubborn, refusing to change one’s opinion
Open to acknowledging other points of view
Angry and frustrated at someone’s beliefs
Question 5 Explanation:
The key words here are “refused to account for all the evidence.” This is the characteristic of a stubborn person. It also discusses how he continued to argue his case. There is no conversation going on around him, and by refusing to account for the evidence, he’s not open to other points of view. No one else is mentioned in this passage, so he’s not angry at someone or their beliefs.
Which of the following is true regarding a myth and legend:
Legends and myths are both based off historical characters
Legends are true stories with true facts while a myth is fictional
Legends can have some truth to them while a myth is fabricated
Myths are passed down from generations while legends are more current
Question 6 Explanation:
Legends can be based off historical characters, but myths are not. Legends are not true stories, even though they can have true details about a person that are twisted in truth with supernatural elements added. Myths are not passed down from generations while legends are.
What type of poem is Beowulf?
Question 7 Explanation:
Beowulf is an epic poem. Epics are long poems made into a story. Lyric poems don’t tell a story, but rather express the author’s emotions and feelings. Sonnets are only 14 lines long, not long enough to tell a story. And odes are a type of lyric written as an address to someone.
Which of the following is an example of a compound-complex sentence:
Joseph went to Mary’s father and asked if he could have her hand in marriage.
The Eiffel Tower is known not only for its illustrious views but its ancient history.
Although the temperatures are hot right now, autumn is fast approaching, and with it you can expect cooler temperatures.
The United States did not participate in the early stages of World War I, but the Zimmerman Telegram changed its position.
Question 8 Explanation:
Compound-complex sentences are on or more dependent clauses along with two or more independent clauses. They are connected by a conjunction or semicolon. Thus, the correct answer is “Although the temperatures are hot right now, autumn is fast approaching, and with it you can expect cooler temperatures.” The final answer regarding the Zimmerman telegram includes just one independent clause, thus it is not the answer.
For questions 9–10, refer to the excerpt below:
What point of view is the passage from the story told in?
Question 9 Explanation:
The answer is first person limited. The author is telling the story here. Key phrases like “the idea entered my brain” and “I made up my mind” are key indicators that the author is speaking and including his thoughts. It’s limited and not omniscient because we only get into the mind of one speaker, not multiple, as the prefix “omni” means more than one.
Which of the following sentences best describes the use of sensory language:
He had never wronged me. He had never given me insult.
Passion there was none. I love the old man.
I heard all things in the heave and in the earth. I heard many things in hell.
It is impossible to say how first the idea entered my brain.
Question 10 Explanation:
The key sensory language here is “heard.” Hearing/sound is one of the five senses. The other sentences don’t evoke one of the five senses in the language.
“My blood ran cold” is an example of what type of figurative language?
Question 11 Explanation:
Metaphors are comparisons between two unlike things or objects. “Love is a battlefield” and “She has a heart of gold” are a couple of other examples. Similes are like metaphors but use the words “like” or “as” to connect the words. Synecdoches are when a part of something is used to represent something as a whole, such as “Atlanta hit a home run”—Atlanta stands as a representation of one player hitting it. Alliteration is characterized by the same sound/letter to begin a string of sentences. Tongue-twisters are common types of alliteration.
Who is best known for writing the novels, The Great Gatsby, Tender is the Night, and Winter Dreams?
F. Scott Fitzgerald
Question 12 Explanation:
F. Scott Fitzgerald wrote those novels. He is most notorious for his novel The Great Gatsby.
Who wrote To Kill A Mockingbird?
Question 13 Explanation:
Harper Lee wrote the 1960 novel To Kill a Mockingbird, which went on to win the 1961 Pulitzer Prize.
Which of the following is NOT true of a Shakespearean Tragedy?
It includes five acts in the play
It includes supernatural elements
The hero wins over evil in the end
The main character has a hamartia that guides the play
Question 14 Explanation:
Shakespearean Tragedies have a tragic hero where they deal with a hamartia that guides the play and leads to their downfall. Shakespearean Tragedies have five acts and include supernatural elements.
Which of the following uses animals, objects, or parts of nature as the main character and is used to teach the reader a specific moral or lesson.
Question 15 Explanation:
The answer is Fable as they use animals, objects, and parts of nature as the main character and use them to teach a lesson. Proverbs are a collection of sayings. Ballads are poems or verses written into a song that tell a story. Legends are historical stories passed down over generations and are sometimes based on a real person, with twisted truths and supernatural elements.
The following summary is written by a student:
Which of the following sentences denotes an opinion rather than a factual sentence:
Question 16 Explanation:
Sentences 1, 2, and 3 all include facts and real information gathered from sources. Sentence 4, however, is someone’s opinion that becoming a vegetarian will forever keep you thin and healthy.
Students are reading A Christmas Carol and come across many unfamiliar words as they read along. Which of the following strategies would be a good lesson during the reading:
Teach them to look in the dictionary for any unfamiliar words
Write down the words, post it on the board, and then the class can go over the unfamiliar words after the chapter.
Have them highlight the word they don’t know and use context clues and research prefix/suffix definitions to try and decipher the meaning.
Work with a partner and let them collaborate together on words they don’t know.
Question 17 Explanation:
A good strategy is to highlight words, use context clues, and research prefix/suffix definitions to try and decipher the meaning. This approach helps students gain a better understanding of the importance of using root words to learn meanings. Teaching them to look up unfamiliar words isn’t teaching them anything and isn’t good for instances where they can’t use a dictionary. Writing them on the board and going over them on the board after the chapter can be overwhelming and isn’t really teaching them how to find unfamiliar words. Working with a partner is good but the answer doesn’t discuss how they are going to collaborate.
Read the following passage to answer questions 18–19:
Based on the context clues, what is the best definition for the word demesne?
A specific time period during an event
Land attached to an owner
A group of people or beings that are inferior
A fantasy or supernatural setting
Question 18 Explanation:
Demesne refers to land attached to an owner. The key words are in the following sentence where it says here he lived for four years of his life.
Based on the passage above, which best describes how Buck feels:
He feels superior to the other dogs
He is jealous of the other dogs
He feels isolated from the other dogs
He feels mistreated
Question 19 Explanation:
The author describes how other dogs came and went but Buck ruled, a key synonym for being superior. The author also states how the other dogs did not count. It never implies that Buck is unhappy, jealous, or feels mistreated; quite the opposite. While he may feel isolated, the author doesn’t imply that here.
Which of the following novels tells the story of Guy Montag, a book-burning fireman who soon changes his ways and believes books have a good purpose of knowledge and education and should be preserved.
Catcher in the Rye
Lord of the Flies
Raisin in the Sun
Question 20 Explanation:
Fahrenheit 451 is Guy Montag’s most popular novel, and it is read in many elementary and middle schools.
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