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Which of the following is an example of a primary source of information:
Diary of Anne Frank on her experiences during the Holocaust
A biography on the life of Franklin D. Roosevelt
A textbook passage about the different battles of World War II
A newspaper opinion piece on the nuclear arms race
Question 1 Explanation:
A primary source comes directly directly from the source itself. Anne Frank’s diary of the Holocaust is written by her and provides her own experiences, trials, and tribulations. It wasn’t written by someone else describing what she went through. A biography on Roosevelt wasn’t written by the source itself so that answer would be incorrect. If it was an autobiography, then that would be written by Roosevelt and would, thus, be a primary source. Textbook passages are considered secondary sources. They teach and comment about an event and/or person. The same goes opinion pieces since commentary in newspapers aren’t from the initial source. Instead, they comment and state an opinion on the primary source of information.
Which of the following was a prominent writer of the British Romantic period?
Henry David Thoreau
Question 2 Explanation:
John Keats was a British Romanticism writer. Langston Hughes was a Harlem Renaissance writer, not a British Romantic. Henry David Thoreau was part of the Transcendentalism era, not the Romanticism era. George Herbert was a Metaphysical Poet, not a British Romanticism writer.
Which sentence contains no errors in structure?
Question 3 Explanation:
Sentence 3 is correct. All clauses in this sentence are properly separated by commas. In sentence 1, there should be no comma after the word school since the whole sentence is not separated by an independent clause. In sentence 2, “Upset by his grades,” is an independent clause and should have a comma added after the word “grades.” In Sentence 4, “At school the next week” is a prepositional phrase and should be followed with a comma.
For questions 4–6, refer to the following paragraphs:
Which of the following best describes the organizational pattern in paragraph I:
Cause and Effect
Question 4 Explanation:
The correct answer is chronological order. The first paragraph flows from beginning to end by time, using dates to go from one point to the next. The paragraph does not flow by order of importance or use directional language to describe where something is, so degree order and spatial order would not be correct. The paragraph also does not describe somethings and why it happened, so cause and effect would not be correct.
Which of the following best describes the organizational pattern in paragraph II:
Cause and Effect
Question 5 Explanation:
The correct answer is Cause and Effect. Throughout paragraph II, it discusses reasons why the game of golf has grown and players that had an effect on it gaining so much popularity. The key words here are “As a result” and “Because of them.” It doesn’t structure the names by who is most important, and it doesn’t organize the paragraph by listing everything in order by time, so it wouldn’t be degree order or chronological order. No directional language is used, so it wouldn’t be spatial language.
Which of the following best describes the organizational pattern in paragraph III:
Cause and Effect
Question 6 Explanation:
The correct answer here is Degree Order. The paragraph begins with the most important golf tournaments and then the next tier of tournaments and the lowest tier. It doesn’t organize the paragraph by time, use any directional language, or list an event and discuss the result of it, so the other answers would be incorrect.
Look at the second sentence of paragraph III:
What organization pattern is this an example of:
Question 7 Explanation:
The correct answer is Classification. This categorizes the four major championships into one group and is preceded by a statement and colon. Flashbacks go back in time, and compare and contrast arranges something by similarities and differences. A Sequential pattern is similar to chronological order where it flows in time order from first to last.
You are teaching students about writing the five-paragraph essay and the importance of word choice. You don’t want them using the same words over again and want them to use stronger, more educated vocabulary. Which sources of information would be helpful for this task:
A grammar guide
Question 8 Explanation:
A thesaurus uses synonyms for words and is a great resource to use when trying to use more educated words rather than the same ones over and over. For example, instead of saying, “He showed a lot of promise,” a teacher would tell a student to look up synonyms for the verb show and could find a useful replacement and instead use illustrate or displayed. A dictionary gives definitions of words, not synonyms, and an encyclopedia gives information on something. A glossary is similar to a dictionary but instead lists specific terms or proper nouns in the back of a book and provides a definition or description. A grammar book is used to go over writing mechanics.
Look at the underlined portion of the following sentence. Which kind of clause is this an example of?
Gloria, who smelled like fresh roses on a beautiful spring day, gallantly walked into school on her first day with her head held high.
Question 9 Explanation:
An adjective clause adds more information to a sentence by beginning with a noun and then describing that noun in a phrase. An adjective clause puts a comma after the noun and then follows it with any one of the following words: who, whom, whose, when, where, which, that, and why. In this case, Gloria is followed by a comma and then “who smelled like fresh roses on a spring day” before being separated by another comma and the conclusion to the sentence. Infinitive clauses use an infinitive to begin a sentence, and an independent clause simply contains a subject and verb, and expresses a complete thought, forming a sentence. A subordinate clause has a subject and verb can’t stand alone in a complete sentence.
You are teaching about the importance of using reputable sources for a research paper on Jackie Robinson. Which would be the best source of information to use for that paper.
A Wikipedia page on Robinson summarizing his career and stats
A detailed biography of Robinson from http://kinginstitute.stanford.edu.
People praising Robinson and what he meant for them which you find on Facebook or Twitter
Information from Shop42.org which provides information about the Robinson museum
Question 10 Explanation:
The correct answer would be using an .edu source. These are more reliable sources with the most accurate and comprehensive information, along with .gov sites. The other answers are .com or .org sites. Wikipedia sites are not reliable sources of information, while .com and .org sites are okay to use to learn more about a topic and within a paper itself, but they should not be your best sources of information. A student should be required to use at least several .edu and .gov sites for a research paper to illustrate proper research.
Read the following excerpt from a student running for Council President:
Which of the following logical fallacies is the student using in his speech?
Question 11 Explanation:
The answer is straw man. These kinds of fallacies state an opinion and then exaggerate the outcome in their favor instead of using actual facts. In this example, the writer says that in a five-day week, students have no time to do other activities outside of school and will fail all their classes, but by going to school one less day they will all have more free time and pass everything. This is a major exaggeration mixed with false facts. A slippery slope claims one single action will falsely lead to another and then another. A red herring fallacy redirects a conversation and is used as a distraction. Ad Hominems attack a person’s character instead of going after the argument itself.
King Arthur and the Knights at the Round Table is a collection of stories which exemplify which genre of writing?
Question 12 Explanation:
Medieval romance stories are characterized by kings, knights, chivalry, supernatural elements, and ladies in distress, which is exactly what King Arthur stories center around. It is also recognized within British Literature. Romanticism is an artistic and intellectual movement that focused on the individual. Enlightenment was an intellectual movement with a primary focus on science and reason. American Literature focuses on the loss of innocence, the coming of age, isolation, and more modern day topics in America.
Questions 13–15 refer to the following poem:
In line 1, when Walt Whitman begins with O Captain! My Captain!, which literary device is he using?
Question 13 Explanation:
The answer is Apostrophe. This is charactized by when a writer speaks to someone who is absent, usually in the form of “O!” Anaphora is the repetition of words or phrases in a group of sentences, clauses, or lines. Assonance refers to the repetition of a vowel sound. An allegory is a story, picture, or piece of art that stands as a symbol or hidden meaning.
Which of the following about the poem is most accurate.
The poem is an extended metaphor for a fallen leader after a won war
The poem uses foreshadowing to predict a tragic event
The poem signifies the importance of how sea captains were respected
The poem tells of the fallen dreams and lost battles of America
Question 14 Explanation:
The entire poem is a metaphor that refers to the late Abraham Lincoln after he died following the Civil War. The poem does not foreshadow, and has nothing to do with sea captains since Lincoln represents the captain in the poem. It also does not tell of fallen dreams or lost battles since its focus is on Lincoln.
What signifies that this poem is an elegy?
The constant use of repeated words throughout the poem
The poem lacks any rhyme or rythm
He reflects on the death of a fallen leader
The writer discusses a historical event
Question 15 Explanation:
The poem is an elegy because he reflects on the death of a fallen leader. An elegy is defined in poetry as an address to someone who has died and is written with a more somber tone. None of the other answers reflect that of an elegy.
When constructing a bibliography page for a research paper, which of the following is true?
It should be in alphabetical order based on the author’s first name
It should be in alphabetical order based on the author’s last name
It should be in alphabetical order based on the title
It should be in order based on when the citation appears in a research paper
Any titles with no author should go below the ones with an author.
Question 16 Explanation:
A bibliography page is always written in alphabetical order from top to bottom with the author’s last name as first preference. This is the proper way to organize a bibliography page. If there is no author, the source would still go in alphabetical order depending on the first letter in the title. It would not go below all the other sources.
Which of the following persuasion techniques are used in the following passage:
Ethos and Logos
Pathos and Kairos
Ethos and Pathos
Kairos and Logos
Logos and Pathos
Question 17 Explanation:
The passage makes a persuasive appeal not to smoke based on a factual statistic, which is a representation of a logos argument. It also uses a credible source to say it’s harmful, which is a characteristic of ethos. There is no emotional appeal or scare tactic here, so pathos would not be the answer. Kairos refers to an appeal made based on timing and tone, which isn’t represented here.
You’re about to teach a unit on Shakespeare and Drama but don’t know the students’ full understanding of the topic. How much they know will help you with your future lessons on what to teach. Which of the following would be a good activity to do before beginning the unit to gain an understanding of how much students know:
Ask a student what they know and tell the class
A textbook reading on Shakespeare’s life
A scavenger hunt on Drama
A K-W-L chart
Question 18 Explanation:
K-W-Ls are ideal for testing what students Know, What They Want to Know, and What they will Learn. Asking a student what they know may help you with what a student knows, but not the rest of the class. A textbook reading doesn’t trigger previous learning. And a scavenger hunt is an excellent activity for beginning a unit for a student to learn about something, but it doesn’t answer the question, “What do they already know?”
Read the following passage below:
The excerpt is an example of what type of writing:
Question 19 Explanation:
The answer is Informative. It states facts and gives information about Roosevelt and the New Deal. It doesn’t try to convince the reader to like Roosevelt, so it’s not persuasive. It doesn’t tell a story about Roosevelt’s life, so it’s not narrative. And it doesn’t use sensory language to describe something, so it’s not descriptive.
Which of the following would be an example of a persuasive speech?
A priest’s homily explaining the meaning of the Gospel.
A football coach breaking down his upcoming team’s schedule.
A principal going over with the students the new rules for the upcoming school year.
A student presentation warning of the dangers of using social media.
Question 20 Explanation:
The answer is a student presentation about the dangers of social media. The purpose of a persuasive speech is to influence students in some way by telling them about dangers. It could be to warm them to be careful or get them off social media altogether. All the other answers are expository or informative, explaining something to someone or giving information to the students or the football team. It’s not trying to convince them of something.
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